May 24, 2019

Alpine Pine

Pinus mugo - Mugo or mountain pine

Janine Pineo Photo | Pinus mugo - Mugo or mountain pine

From the Pyrenees to the Alps to the Carpathians and beyond lives Pinus mugo, a high-altitude evergreen that is hardy to Zone 2. Also called mountain pine, mugo pine varieties are usually dwarf, with some even used in bonsai. But for the outdoors, the range of sizes makes them a useful shrub. Seen in the University of Maine Horticulture Club display at the 2012 Bangor’s Garden Show, mugo pine usually has more spread than height, with heights ranging from 3 to 20 feet and spread from 5 to 30 feet. Most cultivars keep their rich green color all year long, but the needles of ‘Amber Gold‘ tend to turn orange-yellow over the winter and then return to green when the warmth returns.